Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Carnatic composers (other than performing vidwans)
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RaviSri
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#301 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by RaviSri » 09 Sep 2016, 18:46

Smt Sakuntala Narsimhan has recorded about 15 songs of Thyagaraja sung according to the Tillaistanam pATAntaram. Songs like bAlE bAlEndu bhUShaNi (rItIgauLa), evvarE rAmayyA (gAngEyabhUShaNi), chitra ratna maya (karaharapriyA), vAchAmagOcharamE (kaikavashi) are special and different from the usual versions. The other songs too are of excellent quality. The rItigauLa song uses the D1 as is the actual tradition. Listen to this recording which the musician has sung along with explanations too. Valuable, useful and rare too. There is practically none else now who can sing songs in this version.

http://www.sangeethamshare.org/tvg/UPLO ... ja-Part-1/
http://www.sangeethamshare.org/tvg/UPLO ... ja-Part-2/

Thanks are due to TV Gopalakrishnan for uploading this valuable programme.
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bhakthim dehi
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#302 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by bhakthim dehi » 09 Sep 2016, 21:20

Yes....very interesting programme. But almost all the krithis excluding a few were notated in the book "Sri Thyagaraja krithis - Thillaisthanam version" by Sri Parthasarathi. She could have selected some new songs so that we would have got an opportunity to look into their repertoire.
Also she mentioned, Saranga in their version takes the phrase sgr.
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Jigyaasa
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#303 Re:

Post by Jigyaasa » 10 Sep 2016, 03:32

vgvindan wrote:tyAgarAja kRti 'kRpAlavAla' - nAda varAngiNi has been posted in our wiki -
http://www.rasikas.org/wiki/kripalavala-kaladhara

This kRti deals with the temptations of siddhis for those on the path of liberation. This has been dealt with along with references.

I invite your comments.
Has anyone heard a rendition of this song other than by Sri M. Balamuralikrishna, which is in a commercial album?
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Gerry_Gerry
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#304 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by Gerry_Gerry » 04 Aug 2017, 23:04

I listened to Kaikavashi by MS Subbalakshmi, and Balamurali. They are significantly different, though it is the same song - Vachamago. The difference is as follows:

The scale is like this S R2 G2 M2 P D3 N3 S and S N3 P M2 G2 R2 S.

When MS sings, she does not use D3 at all, and it sounds pretty much like Dharmavati.

When Balamurali sings, he only slightly uses N3, and mostly D3, and the flavour is much more like the parent ragam Nitimati.

Has anyone observed this difference? Would love to hear your thoughts.

For Balamurali, it is this link - https://www.sangeethamshare.org/sreeniv ... lavi_1978/

For MS, it is this link - https://www.sangeethamshare.org/sunil/t ... o/krithis/
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MaheshS
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#305 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by MaheshS » 04 Aug 2017, 23:11

Gerry_Gerry wrote:
04 Aug 2017, 23:04
I listened to Kaikavashi by MS Subbalakshmi, and Balamurali. They are significantly different, though it is the same song - Vachamago. The difference is as follows:

The scale is like this S R2 G2 M2 P D3 N3 S and S N3 P M2 G2 R2 S.

When MS sings, she does not use D3 at all, and it sounds pretty much like Dharmavati.

When Balamurali sings, he only slightly uses N3, and mostly D3, and the flavour is much more like the parent ragam Nitimati.

Has anyone observed this difference? Would love to hear your thoughts.

For Balamurali, it is this link - https://www.sangeethamshare.org/sreeniv ... lavi_1978/

For MS, it is this link - https://www.sangeethamshare.org/sunil/t ... o/krithis/
Here is a version by Mahavidwan Sandhyavandanam Srinivasa Rao - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfOjCk0oI8o
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Lakshman
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#306 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by Lakshman » 05 Aug 2017, 01:24

It is probably because she used this scale from pAlaiyAzhi for the song:
kaikavashi--59--S R G M P N S--S N P M G R S--p--T.A.Sambandamurti
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rshankar
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#307 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by rshankar » 05 Aug 2017, 07:02

Gerry_Gerry wrote:
04 Aug 2017, 23:04
Vachamago.
That sounds suspiciously like pEsAma pO.....:lol:
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Gerry_Gerry
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#308 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by Gerry_Gerry » 05 Aug 2017, 16:25

[/quote]

Here is a version by Mahavidwan Sandhyavandanam Srinivasa Rao - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfOjCk0oI8o
[/quote]

I listened to this. It is the same as MS's version. No D3. Hence either the scale definition is wrong or the singers are wrong. Both cant be right. In case D3 is there and I could not find it, please tell me where in this video of Sandhyavandanam.
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MaheshS
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#309 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by MaheshS » 05 Aug 2017, 22:50

This is Prof SRJ's version - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C2RL9l4KwU4

As usual, BMK stands out :) I like both versions!
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bhakthim dehi
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#310 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by bhakthim dehi » 05 Aug 2017, 23:18

Lexicons mention Kaikavashi as a janya of Neethimathi and having shatshruthi dhaivatham.
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Lakshman
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#311 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by Lakshman » 06 Aug 2017, 00:42

I don't know which lexicons you are referring to but in both Ragapravaham and Paliyazhi, Kaikavashi is placed under melas 21, 59 and 60.
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bhakthim dehi
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#312 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by bhakthim dehi » 06 Aug 2017, 18:55

Sangraha Chudamani and Sangeetha Sara Sangrahamu says Kaikavashi is a janya of mela 60.
By the way, is Palaiyazhi is a lexicon? Who Is the author?
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vanimakkapati
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#313 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by vanimakkapati » 17 Oct 2017, 00:16

Hi,

Can anybody send the notation of Tulasi Bilwa,Kedara Gowla,Adi in English that would be helpful.
I heard that krithi in AmruthaVenkatesh concert video.

Email: [email protected]

Thanks in advance
Srivani
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Lakshman
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#314 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by Lakshman » 18 Oct 2017, 22:43

vanimakkapati: Please post your request in the Identification/Translations thread. Thanka.
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SriKrishnan
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#315 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by SriKrishnan » 26 Nov 2017, 09:33

I have a question to esteemed Rasikas in the group. Having seen amazing research from Ravisri and others, I am sure some interesting insights will emerge.
It is about some of the Kshethras that Thyagaraja must have visited but no Krithis seems to exist. It is well known that Thyagaraja believed in ' Koti Nadulu Dhanush Kotilo nundaka " , so he did not go on Thirtha yantra as such. Except the the sojourn to Tirupathi, covering Sri rangam , Kanchipuram and few more on the way.

1) Did Thyagaraja sing on the deities of Tiruvarur ? Though there is a controversy that if it is his real place of birth, definitely it I was his mothers place. He must have visited. He has visited Nagapattinam, and must have gone via Tiruvarur.

2) Thyagaraja seem to have visited the places of his Sishya's at their request. He has visited and sung at Lalgudi, Walajapet,etc.
What about Thillaisthanam ? His favourite Sishya Rama Iyengar must have invited him.Thillaisthanam is also not too far, hardly two kilometers from Tiruvaiyar.

3) what about Tiruvanaikkaval ? Having been at Srirangam for few weeks ,so close to Tiruvanaikkaval, Did he not visit ?

4) What about Sri Rama temples/ Sannidhis ? Even Dikshithar has sung on Rama at Srirangam ( Sri Ranga pure vihara ). What about Thyagaraja ? Did he visit Thillai vilagam ? Did he not visit Ramaswamy temple at Kumbakonam , so near Thiruvaiyar and again on the way to Thiruvarur/ Nagapattinam ?
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RaviSri
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#316 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by RaviSri » 28 Nov 2017, 18:31

hough there is a controversy that if it is his real place of birth, definitely it I was his mothers place. He must have visited.
There is no real controversy here. It was B.M.Sundaram who started this so called controversy on the basis of a kriti of Manambuchavadi Venkatasubbayya who was a cousin of Thyagaraja but 30 years younger to the composer. There is also a spurious song attributed to Thyagaraja and sung by Balamurali in which the composer (?) says that he was bron in Tiruvayyaru. BMS being BMK's discviple obviously will only parrot what his gur sang. Walajapet Venkataramana Bhagavatar and Thanjavur Rama Rao wrote the life story of Thyagaraja after consulting the composer's father Rama Brahmam and have written that Thyagaraja was born in Tiruvarur.

There is son of Thyagaraja in Saurashtram, 'dEva rAma mahA dEva rAma rAghavA' which is supposed to be in praise of the Lord of Tiruvarur. The mudra comes in the lasst line, 'nishanka rasika tyAgarAja.. dEva RAma...' We can't be sure. It does not matter that he did not compose on various kShEtras like Tiruvarur, Tiruvanaikkaval, etc. He must certainly have visited them.
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RSR
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#317 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by RSR » 25 Dec 2017, 01:07

Image"The painting is good. But i remember to have seen it in some other context where, thyagayya invites SriRama. But when Rama arrives, Thyagayya doesnot see him but his wife has a great darshan.".
.Image
May I know which kruthi of Thyagaraja is associated with this picture?
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kvchellappa
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#318 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by kvchellappa » 14 Jan 2018, 11:51

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RSR
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#319 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by RSR » 15 Jan 2018, 11:50

#318-> I have benefited by the link given . However, it does not give a clue to my pointed question. Thanks nevertheless
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rajeshnat
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#320 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by rajeshnat » 04 May 2018, 07:31

V Sriram (brilliant music historian )writeup on sadguru thyagaja possessions ,dated May 04,2018 from The Hindu
http://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/m ... 759797.ece
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Pratyaksham Bala
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#321 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by Pratyaksham Bala » 05 Nov 2018, 21:32

.
The first song of Tyagaraja to find a place in Cinema was ‘enta nErcina’ rendered by T.P. Rajalakshmi in the first Tamil sound movie ‘Kalidas’ of 1931.

Can anyone give the audio link to this ?
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RSR
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#322 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by RSR » 29 Apr 2019, 18:48

Thyagaraja Swami is said to have composed ( both lyrics and music) to nearly 700 kritis.
At present, there are two great sites for reference.
1) Sri.V.Govindan's Thyagaraja Vaibavam which gives all the kritis arranged in alphabetical order , ragam information and meaning and lyrics
2) Another wonderful site by Sangeethapriya devoted entirely to Thyagaraja kritis. It can be sorted by ragam name.
http://www.sangeethapriya.org/tributes/ ... ithis.html
--------------------------
Is there any other site which gives the kritis in each ragam, arranged alpahbetically by ragam and numbered? For example, I would like to get all the kritis in some ragam like toDi.
Kindly share any such site please.
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Lakshman
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#323 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by Lakshman » 30 Apr 2019, 00:02

.Songs in Todi by Tyagaraja:

Aragimpave palaragimpave
Brindavanalola govinda aravinda nayana
Chesinadella marachitivo o rama rama
Dachchuko valena dasharathi nidu daya
Dasharathi ni runamu dirpa na tarama parama
Dorakunayani surula dora vedalenu ganare
Emani mataditivo rama evari manasu evidhamo
Emi jesite nemi shri ramasvami karuna leni
Endu daginado idaku ra nannedudaya vachchura
Enduku dayaradura shri ramachandra ni
Evaru teliyaka boyyeru ni mahimalu
Gati nivani ne kori vachchiti talli paraka
Hariyanuvani sariyevvare hariyuvani sari
Kadatera rada manasa
Kaddanu variki kaddu kaddani morala nidu
Karuna judavamma kamalavairi kaladharuni
Koluvamaregada kodandapani
Koti nadulu dhanushkotilo nundagaetiki tirigedave
Munnu ravana badha norvaka vibhishanudu
Ne morabettite madilona ni kayasamelara
Ni daya ravalegaka nenenta vadanu rama
Ninnu vina sukhamu gana niraja nayana
Nivanti daivamu shadanana ne nendu ganara
Proddu poyenu shri ramuni buni bhajimpave manasa
Raju vedale jutamu rare kasturi ranga
Re manasa chintaya shri ramam
Rukalu padivelunna cheredu nukalu gatigani o
Sada bhajimpave sadashivuni samukhamuna nilachi
Tappi bratiki po tarama rama kalilo
Varidhi niku vandana monarincheda (daru)
Vedalenu kodandapani anuja saumitri gudi
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RSR
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#324 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by RSR » 30 Apr 2019, 18:11

Sri.Lakshnan_ji, Thank you. . I could count 31 kritis in your list. Will soon prepare a table . May I have similar list of kritis in ragams ---karaharapriya, harikambodhi, sankarabaranam? ( ofcourse, seoparately...one by one) Thank you
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ajaysimha
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#325 Re: Thyagaraja (Krithis)

Post by ajaysimha » 07 May 2019, 15:30

RSR wrote:
25 Dec 2017, 01:07
May I know which kruthi of Thyagaraja is associated with this picture?
its is bala kanakamaya chela(ela ni daya radu) -krithi in athana ragam

story behind this krithi is told here:

Smt. Vishaka Hari - Tyagaraja Charitram [Indian Classical Music Discourse] @ 32:10 mins
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