35 Alankaras

Tālam & Layam related topics
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srinidhi
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#1

Post by srinidhi »

Can some one explain what are the 35 Alankaras? Apart from the usual 7 that are tauht to beginners and can be found in most textbooks?

arunk
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#2

Post by arunk »

For each tala in the usual 7, there are 5 varieties corresponding to five jathis - thus 7*5 = 35. For example, instead of just the one catusra rUpaka that is in the standard 7, you would have tiSra/catuSra/khaNDa/miSra/sankIrna rUpaka. Similarly for eka, triputa, jhampa, ata, dhruva and matya. I dont know the specific patterns for the 35.

Arun

mridangamkid
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Joined: 03 Sep 2007, 22:11

#3

Post by mridangamkid »

It all comes down to the "7 satha thala's", which are the 7 thalams (not including chapu thalams) commonly in use.

These are Thriputa, Eka, Jhampa, Ata, Rupaka, Matya, and Dhruva thalam.

One should first know that these thalams are composed of 3 parts, Dhrithum, anudhrithum, and laghu. Dhrithum is a clap followed by a "backwards clap" meaning you're palm should be faced up. An anudhrithum is merely a clap, and laghu is a clap followed by countings with the finger.

Let us take the common Adi thalam as an example, the correct name of this is "Chathusra Jathi thriputa thalam", because thriputa thalam is identified by a laghu, and 2 dhrithums. The dhrithums will always stay constant in the thalam, however the laghu can change into 5 different ways (thisra-3, chathusra-4, kanda-5 mishra-7 and sankirna 9) and these are called "jaathi".

So as said above adi thalam is "Chathusra jaathi thriputa thalam", if you count, it goes *clap* (1) pinkey finger (2) ring finger (3) middle finger (4), followed by 2 dhrithums. If you do thisra Jaathi thriputa thalam it will simply be *clap* (1) pinkey (2) middle (3) and two dhrithums - a seven beat cycle. And if you do a kanda jaathi, you do the same thing however you go down to your inxex/pointer finger for the laghu to be five.

This gives 5 different possibilities for thriputa thalam alone, and you can do the exact same thing with the other 6 thalams (as arunk sir has said), therefor just do 7*5 which equals 35.

Don't get this confused with chapu thalams however, because those are a different class of thalams all together even though they are used quite often.

Now if you look up the 7 different thalams and how they are performed, you may see some symbols resembling l O and U.

The l represents laghu (but not the jaathi of the laghu), the O represents dhrithum, and the U represents anudhrithum.

So thriputa thalam will be "l O O"

Eka would be simply and "l"

and Jampa would be "l U O"

sucharithra
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Joined: 29 May 2009, 04:20

#4

Post by sucharithra »

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Last edited by sucharithra on 28 Jul 2009, 10:49, edited 1 time in total.

Venkatachalam J
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Joined: 01 Sep 2009, 18:21

#5

Post by Venkatachalam J »

35 Alankaras and it Aksharas
1. Thrisra Jati Druva Talam |3 + 02 + |3 + |3=11 Aksharas
2. Chatushra Jaati Druva Talam |4 + 02 + |4 + |4=14 Aksharas
3. Khanda Jati Druva Talam |5 + 02 + |5 + |5=17 Aksharas
4. Mishra Jati Druva Talam |7 + 02 + |7 + |7=23 Aksharas
5. Sankeerna Jati Druva Talam |9 + 02 + |9 + |9=29 Aksharas
6. Thrisra Jati Matya Talam |3 + 02 + |3 =8 Aksharas
7. Chatushra Jaati Matya Talam |4 + 02 + |4 =10 Aksharas
8. Khanda Jati Matya Talam |5 + 02 + |5 =12 Aksharas
9. Mishra Jati Matya Talam |7 + 02 + |7 =16 Aksharas
10. Sankeerna Jati Matya Talam |9 + 02 + |9 =20 Aksharas
11. Thrisra Jati Rupaka Talam 02 + |3 =5 Aksharas
12. Chatushra Jaati Rupaka Talam 02 + |4 =6 Aksharas
13. Khanda Jati Rupaka Talam 02 + |5 =7 Aksharas
14. Mishra Jati Rupaka Talam 02 + |7 =9 Aksharas
15. Sankeerna Jati Rupaka Talam 02 + |9 =11 Aksharas
16. Thrisra Jati Jampa Talam |3 + U1 + 02 =6 Aksharas
17. Chatushra Jaati Jampa Talam |4 + U1 + 02 =7 Aksharas
18. Khanda Jati Jampa Talam |5 + U1 + 02 =8 Aksharas
19. Mishra Jati Jampa Talam |7 + U1 + 02 =10 Aksharas
20. Sankeerna Jati Jampa Talam |9 + U1 + 02 =12 Aksharas
21. Thrisra Jati Triputa Talam |3 + 02 + 02 = 7 Aksharas
22. Chatushra Jaati Triputa Talam |4 + 02 + 02 = 8 Aksharas
23. Khanda Jati Triputa Talam |5 + 02 + 02 = 9 Aksharas
24. Mishra Jati Triputa Talam |7 + 02 + 02 =11 Aksharas
25. Sankeerna Jati Triputa Talam |9 + 02 + 02 = 13 Aksharas
26. Thrisra Jati Ata Talam |3 + |3 + 02 + 02 = 10 Aksharas
27. Chatushra Jaati Ata Talam |4 + |4 + 02 + 02 = 12 Aksharas
28. Khanda Jati Ata Talam |5 + |5 + 02 + 02 = 14 Aksharas
29. Mishra Jati Ata Talam |7 + |7 + 02 + 02 =18 Aksharas
30. Sankeerna Jati Ata Talam |9 + |9 + 02 + 02 = 22 Aksharas
31. Thrisra Jati Eka Talam |3 = 3 Aksharas
32. Chatushra Jaati Eka Talam |4 = 4 Aksharas
33. Khanda Jati Eka Talam |5 = 5 Aksharas
34. Mishra Jati Eka Talam |7 =7 Aksharas
35. Sankeerna Jati Eka Talam |9 =9 Aksharas

VK RAMAN
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#6

Post by VK RAMAN »

Venkatachalam - thanks for answering the question.

vasanthakokilam
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#7

Post by vasanthakokilam »

See also the spreadsheet here. Same info presented in a matrix form: http://spreadsheets.google.com/pub?key= ... 0qpQ&gid=3

kak
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Joined: 16 Jun 2019, 16:34

#8 Re: 35 Alankaras

Post by kak »

Can someone provide example svaras for these 35 varieties please?

For example, Chatusra jati Dhruva talam:
|| s r g m | g r | s r g r | s r g m ||

etc.

Thanks in advance!
kak

SrinathK
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#9 Re: 35 Alankaras

Post by SrinathK »

Why don't you try Prof Sambamoorthy's introductory books in CM? They have a set of 35.

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